Chapter 3

NCERT
Class 9
History
Solutions
1. Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic.

Question:

Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic.

Answer:

The problems faced by the Weimar Republic are as follows:

  • Germany and the Central Powers were defeated in the First World War by the allied countries in 1918. This war resulted in draining all the resources of Europe.
  • This republic was not received well by its own people largely because people were forced to accept the terms after Germany’s defeat at the end of the First World War.
  • Germany was forced to do the peace treaty at Versailles with the Allies which was a harsh and humiliating peace. Germany was at loss.
  • Germany lost its overseas colonies, 13% of its territories, one-tenth of its population, 75% of its iron, and 26% of its coal to France, Denmark, Poland, and Lithuania.
  • The Allied Powers demilitarized Germany to weaken its power. The War Guilt Clause held Germany responsible for the war and all the damages done to the Allied countries. Germany was forced to pay £6 billion as compensation.
  • In the conservative nationalist circle, supporters of the Weimar Republic, mainly socialists, Catholics, and Democrats became an easy target of attack. They were ridiculed and called ‘November Criminals’.

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