Chapter 5

Class 9
(i) Find out from the above newspaper cuttings, the main concern highlighted in the given news items.


(i) Find out from the above newspaper cuttings, the main concern highlighted in the given news items.

(ii) Collect more information about various endangered species from newspapers and magazines.

(iii) Find out various steps taken by the Indian government to protect them.

(iv) Describe how you can contribute to the protection of endangered animals and birds.


(i) The main concern highlighted in the given news items is the killing of animals and actions to protect them.

(ii) various endangered species are:

1. Asiatic Lion 2. Bengal Tiger

3. Snow Leopard 4. Nilgiri Tahr

5. Kashmiri Red Stag 6. Blackbuck

7. One-horned rhinoceros

(iii) In the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, GOI created Protected Areas like National Parks, Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves for the wildlife and imposed punishments on those indulged in illegal act of hunting.

  • One of the most successful wildlife conservation ventures 'Project Tiger' which was initiated way back in 1972, has not only contributed to the conservation of tigers but also of the entire ecosystem.
  • Initiated in 1992 by the Government of India Project Elephant aims at conserving elephants and their habitat and of migratory routes by developing scientific and planned management measures.
  • Another successful venture by the Government of India to conserve the Indian Crocodiles, whose species were on the verge of extinction once. The project also contributes towards conservation in a plethora of related fields. The main objectives of the crocodile project are to protect the remaining population of crocodiles and their natural habitat by establishing sanctuaries; to promote captive breeding; to improve management; and to involve the local people in the project intimately.
  • With an objective to conserve the Olive Ridley Turtles, the UNDP Sea Turtle Project was initiated by Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun as the Implementing Agency in November 1999. The project is for 10 coastal states in India especially Odisha where it has contributed towards the preparation of a map of breeding sites of Sea Turtles; identification of breeding places and habitats along the coast line, and migratory routes taken by Sea Turtles.

(iv) Learn about endangered species in your area. Teach your friends and family about the wonderful wildlife, birds, fish and plants that live near you.

  • Visit a national wildlife refuge, park or other open space. These protected lands provide habitat to many native wildlife, birds, fish and plants.
  • Never purchase products made from threatened or endangered species.
  • The best way to protect endangered species is to protect the special places where they live. Wildlife must have places to find food, shelter and raise their young. Logging, oil and gas drilling, over-grazing and development all result habitat destruction.

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