Chapter 5

NCERT
Class 9
Geography
Solutions
4. Name different types of Vegetation found in India and describe the vegetation of high altitudes.

Question:

Name different types of Vegetation found in India and describe the vegetation of high altitudes.

Answer:

The following types of vegetation are identified in our country:

(i) Tropical Evergreen Forests

(ii) Tropical Deciduous Forests

(iii) Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrubs

(iv )Montane Forests

(v) Mangrove Forests

vegetation of high altitudes: Vegetation found at high altitudes is called a montane forest. In mountainous regions, lower temperature with increasing altitude leads to the corresponding change in natural vegetation. As such, there is a succession of natural vegetation belts in the same order as we see from the tropical to the tundra region.

  • At the height of 1000 to 2000 metres, the wet temperature type of forests is found. The trees found in these forests have evergreen broad-leaf. Some of predominating trees are oaks and chestnuts.
  • At the height of 1500 to 3000 metres, temperature forests contain coniferous trees like pine, deodar, silver fir, spruce and cedar are found. These forests are mostly spread on the southern slopes of the Himalayas, places having high altitudes in southern and northeast India.
  • At high altitudes, generally, more than 3,600 metres above sea level, temperate forests and grasslands give way to the Alpine vegetation. Commonly found trees in these forests are silver fins, junipers, pines and birches.

Buy Latest Books

Teacher's Corner