Chapter 5

Class 9
3. Distinguish between: (i) Flora and Fauna (ii) Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous forests


Distinguish between:

(i) Flora and Fauna

(ii) Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous forests


(i) Differences between flora and fauna are:


  • The term flora is used to refer plants species of a particular region.
  • Flora stays in one place.
  • In India, around 47,000 plant species are found.
  • Flora makes their food by photosynthesis.


  • The term fauna is used to refer to the species of animals.
  • Fauna moves from one place to another. It doesn't stay in one place.
  • In India, around 90,000 species of animals are found.
  • Fauna is not able to make their food. They are herbivores who are dependent for food on flora, while some are dependent on other animals.

(ii)Tropical Evergreen Forests:

  • These forests are found in heavy rainfall areas of the Western Ghats and the island groups of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, upper parts of Assam and Tamil Nadu coast.
  • These forests are found in about 12% part of the total forest area of India. They are spread in those areas which receive rainfall of more than 200 cm with a short dry season.
  • These forests contain some commercially important trees such as ebony, mahogany, rosewood, rubber and cinchona.
  • The common animals found in these forests are elephants, monkeys, lemurs and deer. In the forests of Assam and West Bengal, one horned rhinoceroses are found.

Deciduous Forests:

  • Tropical Deciduous Forests are the most widespread forests in India. They are also called monsoon forests.
  • These forests are spread over the region receiving rainfall between 200 cm and 70 cm.
  • Some important commercial species are bamboo, sal, shisham, sandalwood, khair, kusum, arjun and mulberry.
  • Lion, tiger, pig, deer and elephant are commonly found animals in these forests. A huge variety of birds, lizards, snakes and tortoises are also found here.

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