Physics NEET Syllabus 2024: Free PDF Download

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Physics helps you understand how the world around us works in real life. From earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, quarks,lungs and brains to can openers, black holes, light bulbs. It makes you curious to know more about the hidden knowledge in the world and widers your overall perspective. The National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET), formerly known as the All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT), is the qualifying test for MBBS and BDS programmes in Indian medical and dental colleges

The syllabus is the same as that of the previous years only the paper pattern has changed this time. Students are now provided with 3 hrs and 20 minutes to complete the exam. There will be 2 sections in each subject. Section A will contain 35 questions and section B will contain 15 questions. Out of these 15 questions in section B, students are required to attempt any 10 questions. 

You can download the syllabus from the link below.

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On this page, we have provided direct and free access to the NEET-UG Physics Syllabus 2024.

NEET-UG Physics Syllabus 2024

( The content marked in <green> green <green> is newly added by NMC and the <red>red<red> marked is deleted from the syllabus.)

CONTENTS CLASS XI SYLLABUS

UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement:-

  • <red>Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.<red>
  • Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. <red>Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments<red>; errors in measurement; significant figures, <green>least count<green>.
  • Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

UNIT II: Kinematics :-

  • Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
  • <red>Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion.<red> Scalar and vector quantities: <red>Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number<red>; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.
  • Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular component.
  • Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. <red>Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration<red>- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

UNIT III: Laws of Motion :-

  • Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, <red>lubrication<red>.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force <green>and its applications<green>, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

UNIT IV: Work, Energy and Power:-

  • Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
  • <red>Notion of potential energy<red>, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body :-

  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, <red>momentum conservation and centre of mass motion<red>. Centre of mass of a rigid body; <green>Basic concepts of rotational motion <green> <red>centre of mass of uniform rod.<red>
  • Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum <green> and its applications; <green>.<red>with some examples<red> 
  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

UNIT VI: Gravitation:-

  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity, <green>time period and energy of satellite<green>.<red>Geostationary satellites<red>.

UNIT VII: Properties of <green> Solids and Liquids <green><red>Bulk Matter<red> :-

  • Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, <red>poisson’s ratio; elastic energy<red>.
  • <green>  Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications. Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.  <green>
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, <red>Reynold’s number<red>, streamline and turbulent flow. <red>Critical velocity<red>, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; <red>thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion.<red> Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change of state – latent heat.
  • Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. <red>Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Greenhouse effect. <red>
  • <red>Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.<red>

UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics:-

  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
  • Second law of thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. <red>Heat engines and refrigerators.<red>

UNIT IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory:-

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; <green> RMS speed of gas molecules:<green> degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path.<green>Avogadro's number <green>

UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves:-

  • Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; <red> free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only)<red>, resonance.)<red>,
  • Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.

CONTENTS OF CLASS XII SYLLABUS

UNIT I: Electrostatics:-

  • Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
  • Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)
  • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field.
  • Conductors and insulators, <red>free charges and bound charges inside a conductor.<red> Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, <red>Van de Graaff generator.<red>

UNIT II: Current Electricity:-

  • Electric current, <red>flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor,<red> drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
  • <red>Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors;<red> series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.
  • Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
  • Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.
  • <red>Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.<red>

UNIT III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism:-

  • <red>Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.<red> Biot-Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and <red>toroidal<red> solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. <red>Cyclotron.<red>
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. <red>Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron.<red> Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; <red>Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.<red>
  • Para-, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.<green> effect of temperature on magnetic properties. <green>
  • <red> Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.<red>

UNIT IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents:-

  • Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; <red>LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only),<red> LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current.
  • AC generator and transformer. UNIT V: Electromagnetic Waves Details:-
  • Need for displacement current.
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics <red>(qualitative ideas only)<red>. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) <red> including elementary facts about their uses.<red> <green> Applications of e.m. waves. <green>

UNIT VI: Optics:-

  • Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications <red>optical fibres<red>, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
  • <red>Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
  • Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses.<red>
  • Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
  • Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, <red>reflection and refraction of plane waves at a plane surface using wavefronts.<red>
  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle.
  • Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
  • <red>Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes.<red> Polarisation, plane polarised light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids.

UNIT VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation:-

  • Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light.
  • Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. <red>Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusions should be explained).<red>

UNIT VIII: Atoms and Nuclei:-

  • Alpha- particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses,<red> isotopes, isobars; isotones.<red>
  • <red>Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law.<red> Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

UNIT IX: Electronic Devices:-

  • <red>Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors;<red> semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. <red>Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. <red>Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

<green> UNIT X:<green><green> : Experimental Skills- <green>

<green>Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: <green>

  • <green>Vernier callipers-its used to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.<green>
  • <green>Screw gauge-its used to determine thickness /diameter of thin sheet wire'.<green>
  • <green>Simple pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time. <green>
  • <green>Metre Scale - the mass of a given object by the principle of moments.<green>
  • <green> Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire. <green>
  • <green> Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents <green>
  • <green> Coefficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body. <green> 
  • <green> Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.<green>
  • <green> Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.<green>
  • <green>The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge.<green>
  • <green>The resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law<green>
  • <green>Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.<green>
  • <green>The focal length of; <green>

                      <green>(i) Convex mirror <green>

                      <green>(ii) Concave mirror, and <green>

                      <green>(iii) Convex lens, using the parallax method<green>

  • <green> The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism. <green>
  • <green>Refractive index of glass slab using a travelling microscope. <green>
  • <green>Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias. <green>.
  • <green>Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse breakdown voltage.<green>
  • <green>Identification of Diode. LED,. Resistor. A capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.<green>

Scoring Well in NEET  Physics 2024 is Important

There are 45 questions in the Physics section of the NEET examination, for a total of 180 scores out of 720. Since they find Physics more difficult, many students concentrate more on Biology and Chemistry. But here's the thing: you have to give Physics the time and attention it requires if you want to perform highly on the NEET.

You need to do well in Physics if you want to earn a high NEET score. A strong performance in Physics is essential for a high NEET score. Research indicates that a large number of students commit errors in the Physics section, which results in lower scores due to the negative marking on the NEET.

How to Prepare for NEET Physics Syllabus 2024

It may seem difficult to study for the NEET 2024 Physics examination, but you can accomplish it quickly and effectively if you have the appropriate strategy. 

Curate a Study Timetable

First, don't waste time attempting to learn new things at the last minute; instead, concentrate on what you already know. Since chapters like Mechanics and Modern Physics will be tested more heavily, it makes sense to devote more effort to them.

Use the top suggested books and heed the advice of accomplished students to study more successfully. They may provide you with advice on how to approach these important subjects. Completing practice papers can also help you assess how well you comprehend the topic and get a sense of the kinds of questions you could encounter.

Remember important concepts and formulas every day. Regularly completing online exams and quizzes will enable you to evaluate your progress before the NEET 2024 exam. With the help of this study schedule, you may approach your preparation in an organised manner and make sure you have adequate time for studying, revising, taking practice exams, getting your questions answered, and relaxing.

Attempt Previous Year Papers

It is crucial to practise answering questions from past examinations after grasping the fundamentals and concepts of physics for NEET 2024. Applicants should concentrate on answering questions from previous NEET papers' Physics section.

These questions may appear challenging at first, but it's crucial to persevere since practice makes perfect. It is advised to complete at least the previous five years' worth of NEET question questions to adequately prepare for the NEET test. This will assist you in acclimating to the format of the NEET test and the degree of difficulty of the physics questions.

To further improve your preparation, it's beneficial to spend time on questions from reference books and attempt NEET 2024 mock exams once you've trained with previous years' examinations.

Effective Time Management

Making a smart study plan is essential if you want to do well on the Physics part of the NEET 2024 exam, especially if you're short on time. The goal is to pass this section with the highest possible score.

To do this, focus your studies on the Physics subjects that will be tested more heavily in the NEET 2024 exam. Exams from prior years can be analysed to ascertain this. By concentrating on these crucial areas, you may improve your preparation and raise your chances of doing well on the NEET 2024 Physics examination.

To get into renowned medical schools, one needs to do better than only doing well in Chemistry and Biology. You must perform very well in Physics to receive a score higher than 650. The level of difficulty of the physics questions on the NEET varies. To sum up, your score on the NEET is mostly determined by how well you do in Physics. Physics mastery makes you stand out, even when many people can manage Chemistry and Biology. Make sure to improve your physics knowledge if you are interested in excelling. That's your chance to stand out from the crowd.

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