Chapter 2

NCERT
Class 10
Economics
Solutions
5. Do you see the differences in the conditions of work between Kanta and Kamal?

Question:

Kanta

Kanta works in an office. She attends her office from 9.30 a.m. to 5.30 p.m. She gets her salary regularly at the end of every month. In addition to the salary, she also gets provident fund as per the rules laid down by the government. She also gets medical and other allowances. Kanta does not go to office on Sundays. This is a paid holiday. When she joined work, she was given an appointment letter stating all the terms and conditions of work.

Kamal

Kamal is Kanta’s neighbour. He is a daily wage labourer in a nearby grocery shop. He goes to the shop at 7:30 in the morning and works till 8:00 p.m. in the evening. He gets no other allowances apart from his wages. He is not paid for the days he does not work. He has therefore no leave or paid holidays. Nor was he given any formal letter saying that he has been employed in the shop. He can be asked to leave anytime by his employer.

Answer:

There is a huge difference in the employment conditions of Kamal and Kanta.

(i) Kanta works only for 8 hours, while Kamal works for 12.30 hours.

(ii) Kanta gets a lump sum salary regularly at the end of every month, while Kamal gets wages only for the days he works.

(iii) Kanta gets provident fund, medical and any other type of allowance apart from salary, while Kamal does not get any allowance other than wages.

(iv) Kanta gets weekly off on Sunday, while Kamal does not get any holiday or weekly off.

(v) Kanta was given an appointment letter while joining the job, whereas no such formal letter was given to Kamal.

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