Chapter 1

NCERT
Class 9
Political Science
Solutions
1. Why talk about Zimbabwe? I read similar reports from many parts of our own country. Why don’t we discuss that?

Question:

Why talk about Zimbabwe? I read similar reports from many parts of our own country. Why don’t we discuss that?

Answer:

Zimbabwe got freedom from White minority rule in 1980. Since then, Zimbabwe has been ruled by ZANU-PF, the party that led the freedom struggle. Robert Mugabe was the leader of the party and has ruled the country since independence. Elections were held regularly and always won by ZANU-PF. President Mugabe was popular but also used unfair means and malpractices in elections to win. Over the years, his government changed the constitution many times to raise the powers of the President and make him less accountable for anything wrong. But the President was forced out of office in 2017. Opposition party workers were harassed and their meetings were disrupted. The president declared all the public protests and demonstrations against the government illegal. There was a law that limited the right of the citizens to criticize the President. Television and radio were controlled by the government and gave only the ruling party's version. There were independent newspapers but the government harassed those journalists who went against the government. The government also ignored court judgments that were against the government and pressurized judges. This example of Zimbabwe shows that approval of the rulers is necessary for a democracy, but not sufficient because the popular government can be undemocratic too and popular leaders can be autocratic. Our country is a democratic country and elections are held in a fair and free manner. However, sometimes we hear about the news about the use of unfair means, violence and money power to win the elections. However, these kinds of practices are reducing gradually with the increasing awareness of people.

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