Chapter 6

NCERT
Class 9
English
Solutions
2. Study the words in italics in the sentences below. They are formed by prefixing un – or in – to their antonyms (words opposite in meaning).

Question:

Study the words in italics in the sentences below. They are formed by prefixing un – or in – to their antonyms (words opposite in meaning).

  • l I was a short boy with rather undistinguished looks. (un + distinguished)
  • l My austere father used to avoid all inessential comforts. (in + essential)
  • l The area was completely unaffected by the war. (un + affected)
  • l He should not spread the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance. (in + equality, in + tolerance)

Now form the opposites of the words below by prefixing un- or in-. It-can also have mefixes like the forms il-, ir-, or im- (for example: illiterate–il + literate, impractical –im + practical, irrational –ir + rational). You may consult a dictionary if you wish.

—adequate —acceptable —regular —tolerant
—demanding —active —true —permanent
—patriotic —disputed —accessible —coherent
—logical —legal —responsible —possible

Answer:

Inadequate Unacceptable Irregular Intolerant
Undemanding Inactive Untrue Impermanent
Unpatriotic Undisputed Inaccessible Incoherent
Illogical Illegal Irresponsible Impossible

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