Chapter 2

NCERT
Class 9
Political Science
Solutions
(i) Make a poster on the life and struggle of Nelson Mandela. (ii) If available, read some portions of his autobiography, The Long Walk to Freedom, in the classroom.

Question:

(i) Make a poster on the life and struggle of Nelson Mandela.

(ii) If available, read some portions of his autobiography, The Long Walk to Freedom, in the classroom.

Answer:

(i)

(ii)Nelson Mandela:

  • Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July, 1918. He was the main leader who protested against apartheid.
  • He was tried for betrayal by the white South African government for fighting against apartheid.
  • In 1964, he and seven other leaders have sentenced to life imprisonment for daring to oppose the apartheid regime in South Africa.
  • He spent the next 28 years in South Africa's most dreaded prison, Robben Island.
  • In prison, he had to work in a coal mine. After completing his punishment, he became the first black President of South Africa on 10 May, 1994.
  • He was awarded the Nobel Prize for peace in 1993.
  • On 3rd December, 2013, he passed away.
  • A Long Walk to Freedom is an autobiography of Mandela which was published in 1995.
  • In this book, he has described his childhood, education and 28 years in prison.
  • He has also talked about the social and political effects of apartheid and his struggle against this policy.

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