Chapter 2

NCERT
Class 9
Political Science
Solutions
1. Compare the Preambles to the constitutions of the United States of America, India and South Africa. (i) Make a list of ideas that are common to all three.

Question:

Compare the Preambles to the constitutions of the United States of America, India and South Africa.

(i) Make a list of ideas that are common to all three.

(ii) Note down at least one of the major differences among these.

(iii) Which of the three makes a reference to the past?

(iv) Which of these does not invoke God?

Answer:

(i)The ideas that are common to all these three are:

  • Each of these preambles starts with 'We the people who show the unity and authority of the citizens in governing the country.
  • In these preambles, the idea of justice is embodied.

(ii) In the preambles to the Constitution of the US, there is an idea of a more perfect union which is not there in the other two preambles.

(iii) The Preambles to the constitutions of South Africa refer to the past.

(iv) The Preamble to the constitutions of the United States of America and India does not invoke God because both constitutions believe in the freedom to follow any religion. There is no official religion to be followed.

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