Chapter 5

Class 9
Political Science
1. For each of the three cases of life without rights, mention an example from India. These could include the following:
Promo GIF


For each of the three cases of life without rights, mention an example from India. These could include the following:

(i) Newspaper reports on custodial violence.

(ii) Newspaper reports on force-feeding of prisoners who go on hunger strike.

(iii) Ethnic massacre in any part of our country.

(iv) Reports regarding unequal treatment of women.

(v) List the similarities and differences between the earlier case and the Indian example. It is not necessary that for each of these cases you must find an exact Indian parallel.


(i) Indian example compared to 'Prison in Guantanamo Bay':

A news report in 'The Hindu' newspaper dated 20th October, 2006: CBI to Probe Custodial Violence: Case According to the petitioner, there was a petty quarrel between her children and her neighbour's children on 5th February, 2004, for which the latter preferred a complaint with the police. Due to coercion from the complainant's relative, who worked at the Tamil Nadu House in New Delhi, the police summoned the petitioner and her husband, S Annakodi, to the police station on the next day. Mr. Annakodi was brutally beaten up by a sub-inspector there. He was produced before the Judicial Magistrate and let out on bail the same day. Immediately, his wife took him to a private clinic where the doctor advised her to admit him in the General Hospital. As Ms Muniyammal did not have enough money she took her husband back home where he died at 2 am on 8th February.

Similarity: There is custodial violence in both cases.


(a) The violence in the Indian case is in the Police Station, whereas in the first case it was in prison.

(b) In the Indian case, the person was visiting the police station on a summons, whereas in the earlier case the prisoners had been illegally detained in prison.

(ii) Indian example compared to 'Citizens' Rights in Saudi Arabia':

A news report in 'The Times of India' newspaper dated 6th August, 2012. Gender discrimination, say women candidates. Bhopal The number of women candidates who were not called for interview despite scoring higher marks than male candidates was 109; the CM added and also tabled in the assembly the list of ail such women, candidates along with details of scores, ranks and addresses. "It's a typical case where men have benefitted from reservation meant for women", says one of the candidates Sunita Jain, who hails from Ratlam. She had complained to the national women's commission, state women's commission and made representation at all levels, pointing out that keeping higher cut-off marks for women candidates and lower cut-off marks for men amounted to gender discrimination.

Similarity: None

Difference: In the Saudi Arabia case, women are subject to restrictions and also their testimony has half the value of men's testimony. In the Indian case, women were discriminated against by keeping higher cut-off marks for them compared to the men.

(iii) Indian example compared to 'Ethnic massacre in Kosovo':

A news report from Reuters dated 29th August, 2012:

Indian politician found guilty of murder for her role in bloody massacre. A former Indian state minister was found guilty on Wednesday of murder in one of the country's worst religious riots, the highest-profile conviction in a case that casts a shadow over the country 10 years on. Human-rights groups say about 2,500 people, mostly Muslims, were hacked, beaten or burned to death in Gujarat state after a suspected Muslim mob burned alive 59 Hindu activists and pilgrims inside a train in February, 2002.

Similarity: In both cases, the minority people were massacred.

Difference: In the case of Kosovo, it was organized by the government and executed by their soldiers. In the Indian case, it was done by a mob, which was instigated by some people who were in the government.

Buy Latest Books

Teacher's Corner