Chapter 5

NCERT
Class 9
Political Science
Solutions
1. On the basis of these news reports write a letter to the editor or a petition to a court highlighting the violation of right against exploitation:

Question:

On the basis of these news reports write a letter to the editor or a petition to a court highlighting the violation of right against exploitation:

(i) A petition was filed in the Madras High Court. The petitioner said a large number of children aged between seven and 12 were taken from villages in Salem district and sold at auctions at Olur Nagar in Kerala’s Thrissur district. The petitioner requested the courts to order the government to check these facts. (March 2005)

(ii) Children, from the age of five, were employed in the iron ore mines in the Hospet, Sandur and the Ikal areas in Karnataka. Children were forced to carry out digging, breaking stones, loading, dumping, transporting and processing of iron ore with no safety equipment, fixed wages and working hours. They handled a high-level of toxic wastes and were exposed to mine dust, which was above the permissible level. The school dropout rate in the region was very high. (May 2005)

(iii) The latest annual survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Organisation found that the number of female child labourers was growing both n rural and urban areas. The survey revealed there were 41 female child labourers per thousand worker population in rural areas as against the previous figure of 34 per thousand. The figure for male child had remained at 31. (April 2005)

Answer:

Letter to the Editor

Respected Sir,

This is to bring to your notice that many children are being exploited and forced to work for food and shelter. There are some instances to support this claim:

(i) A large number of children aged between 7 to 12 in Salem district are sold at auctions at Olur Nagar in Kerala’s Thrissur district to work as child labour.

(ii) Many children from the age of 5, are forced to work in the iron ore mines in the Hospet, Sandur and the Ikal areas in Karnataka. They are forced to carry out digging, breaking stones, loading, dumping, transporting and processing of iron ore with no safety equipment, fixed wages and working hours.

(iii) Female child labour is being utilized in many areas. In recent times, this number of female child labour has increased both in rural and urban areas.

These instances bring the facts to the notice of the government so that suitable actions can be taken to eliminate these evils from society. And also take action against those people who are violating the Right against Exploitation.

I hope you will look into this matter and my plea will create a proper response from the government.

Yours sincerely,

XYZ

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