Chapter 3

NCERT
Class 9
Political Science
Solutions
1. Let us go back to our example of Gulbarga. In 2014, a total of 8 candidates contested elections in that constituency.

Question:

Let us go back to our example of Gulbarga. In 2014, a total of 8 candidates contested elections in that constituency. The total number of eligible voters was 17.21 lakhs. Of these 9.98 lakh, voters had cast their votes. The candidate of the Congress party, Mallikarjun Kharge secured about 5.07 lakh votes. This was 50.82 per cent of the total votes polled. But since he had secured more votes than anyone else, he was declared elected a Member of Parliament from the Gulbarga Lok Sabha constituency.

Election Result of Gulbarga constituency, GENERAL ELECTION TO LOK SABHA, 2014:

CANDIDATE PARTY VOTES POLLED % OF
VOTES
D.G. Sagar JD(S) 15690 1.57
Mallikarjun Kharge INC 507193 50.82
Danni Mahadev B. BSP 11428 1.14
Revunaik Belamagi BJP 432460 43.33
B.T. Lalitha Naik AAAP 9074 0.91
S.M. Sharma SUCI 4943 0.50
Shankar Jadhav BHPP 2877 0.29
Ramu IND 4085 0.41
None of the Above (NOTA) 9888 0.99

(i) What is the percentage of voters who cast their votes?

(ii) To win an election is it necessary for a person to secure more than half the votes polled?

Answer:

(i) the percentage of voters who had cast their votes is 57.54%

(ii) No, a person doesn't need to secure more than half the votes polled to win an election. Whichever candidate gets the highest votes in a constituency, wins the election.

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