Chapter 3

NCERT
Class 9
Political Science
Solutions
(i) EC issues notification constituting 14th Lok Sabha (ii) EC tightens norms for poll expenses

Question:

(i) EC issues notification constituting 14th Lok Sabha

(ii) EC tightens norms for poll expenses

(iii) EC to visit Gujarat again, review poll arrangements

(iv) HC asks EC to bar ‘criminal’ netas

(v) EC shoots down Home Minister advice on poll reforms

(vi) Photo I-cards not mandatory in Bihar polls

(vii) EC accepts new Haryana DGP

(viii) EC will seek the power to censure political ads

(ix) EC says no immediate plan to ban Exit Polls

(x) EC orders re-poll in 398 more booths

(xi) EC to keep a closer eye on hidden poll costs

Read these headlines carefully and identify which powers are used by the Election Commission in each instance to ensure free and fair elections.

Answer:

(i) In the first headline, it takes decisions on every aspect of conduct and control of elections from the announcement of elections to the declaration of results.

(ii) Here, EC regulates campaigns to ensure that every political party or candidate gets an equal chance to compete. It also ensures that no party spend more than 25 lakh in a constituency for a Lok Sabha election or 10 lakh in a constituency in an Assembly election.

(iii) During the time of the election, the EC can order the government to follow some guidelines, to prevent the use and misuse of governmental power to enhance its chances to win elections, or to transfer some government officials.

(iv) EC takes decisions on every aspect of conduct and control of elections.

(v) In our country elections are conducted by Election Commission (EC). It enjoys the same kind of independence that the judiciary enjoys. It is not supposed to work on the advice of the Home Minister.

(vi) EC takes decisions on every aspect of conduct and control of elections from the announcement of elections to the declaration of results. It also includes the power relating to the id card of the voters.

(vii) EC can implement the ideal Code of Conduct and can punish any candidate or party that violates it.

(viii) EC can implement the ideal Code of Conduct and can punish any candidate or party that violates it.

(ix) It takes decisions on every aspect of conduct and control of elections from the announcement of elections to the declaration of results. It also includes the power regarding the control of the exit polls.

(x) The Election Commission can order the re-poll if the polling was not fair in some booths or even an entire constituency.

(xi) EC can implement the ideal Code of Conduct and can punish any candidate or party that violates it. So that every party or candidate can get a fair and equal chance to compete.

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