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Wednesday, October 9, 2024

Physics is a major subject for Class 12th students. It is basically a combination of science with real world applications, which makes it a very important subject for those who are aiming for their careers in engineering, technology or research fields. To help our students understand the syllabus better, we are breaking it down for you which will include all the important and necessary aspects and updates about Physics Syllabus Class 12 2025 provided by the UP board.

The latest syllabus of UP Board Class 12 has been released. Understanding the Physics syllabus is a very important step for students as they should be aware of every important updates in the syllabus in order to perform well.

Below we have provided a download PDF for the latest syllabus along with reduced syllabus of 2024-25 to get an idea of the new added and deleted topics.

**2024-25 Latest Syllabus UP Board Class 12 Physics**

**2023-24 Syllabus UP Board Class 12 Physics**

(for reference purposes only)

Knowing the Marking scheme is the most important step while you are preparing for your exams. The marking scheme helps you sort your syllabus and prioritize chapters / topics based on their marks weightage which eventually leads to better understanding of syllabus and a good preparation. Below we have provided the Physics Class 12 blueprint of the chapters and marks for 2025 UP Board exams:

Being familiar to the UP Board 2025 Question Paper Pattern for Physics is important as well as mandatory for every student as it provides them insights about the marks allocated to different sections and questions which will help students identify how they need to study and cover the entire subject. Below, we have provided a table regarding the exam paper pattern:

The Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2025 for UP board is made to give student’s a more detailed and comprehensive understanding of the basic concepts and curriculum by UP board while preparing for higher education. Here’s a brief overview of the syllabus:

The syllabus is divided into two parts:

- Theory (70 Marks)
- Practical (30 Marks)

The theory is the backbone of the subject. For Physics Class 12, the theory is divided into nine units that cover the whole syllabus. The Physics theory syllabus for Class 12 2025 UP Board is further divided into two parts:

**Part A:**

**Electrostatics**- Electric Charges: Charge quantization, conservation of charge.
- Coulomb's Law, Electric Field, and Gauss's Law.
- Electric potential, capacitors, and dielectrics.

**Current Electricity**- Ohm's Law, resistors, EMF, internal resistance of cells.
- Potentiometer, Wheatstone bridge, and measurement techniques.

**Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism**- Biot-Savart Law, Ampere’s Law, and their applications.
- Lorentz force, cyclotron, and magnetic properties of materials.

**Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents**- Faraday's laws of electromagnetic induction.
- Lenz's Law, transformers, and alternating currents.

**Electromagnetic Waves**- Characteristics and properties of electromagnetic waves.
- Applications like radio waves, microwaves, and communication systems.

**Part B:**

**Optics**- Reflection and refraction of light, mirrors, and lenses.
- Optical instruments, total internal reflection, and dispersion.

**Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter**- Photoelectric effect, Einstein's equation, and wave-particle duality.
- De Broglie hypothesis and experimental evidence.

**Atoms and Nuclei**- Rutherford and Bohr models of the atom.
- Radioactivity, nuclear fission, and fusion.

**Electronic Devices**- Semiconductors, diodes, transistors, and logic gates.

Physics is a practical subject. Practical experiments help us to understand the theory in more depth and try to apply it in our daily life. The practical examination is of 30 marks and is further divided into the following sections:

- Experiments (20 Marks)
- Viva Voce (5 Marks)
- Project Work (5 marks)

- You’ll be required to create a project based on a topic related to the syllabus.

Practical experiments form an important part of the Physics 12th syllabus 2025. Here are some key experiments you may need to learn and practice:

- Measurement of resistance using Ohm’s law and verification of laws of series and parallel combinations.
- Determination of resistivity of a material using a meter bridge.
- Study of the characteristics of a PN junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
- Verification of laws of refraction using a glass slab and determination of the refractive index.
- Determination of focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and 1/v.
- Measurement of the internal resistance of a cell using a potentiometer.

In UP Board exams 2025, there are few topics that are tend to be asked more frequently in the examination. Below, we have provided a table for students to go through these topics thoroughly so that they score well and do not leave anything behind other than their classmates ;)

The Physics syllabus 2024-25 is just a summary of topics that you need to cover for your Physics Class 12 Board Examination 2025. Apart from this important characteristic, we have a few important features of the syllabus as well:

- UP Board Physics Syllabus 2025 Class 12 includes all information like marking scheme, weightage, updated details, etc.
- Physics Syllabus Class 12 gives all the updated information, along with explaining the goals and objectives of UP board examinations 2025.
- The syllabus of Physics 2025 is highly flexible, as it is all according to what the teachers and students need.

**Learn and understand concepts**: Physics is not just theoretical but conceptual too. Along with memorizing formulas, try to understand the basic concepts and logic behind the derivations and equations.**Practice and revise regularly**: Try to solve as many numericals and derivations as possible so that you will hold a grip onto practical as well as theoretical concepts. Use Physics class 12 one shot books for thorough revisions.**Practice and use diagrams**: Visual aids like diagrams and flowcharts can break down complex topics into simpler forms which helps in better memorization.**Practice Previous Year Papers**: Practice from**previous year question papers**to get a feel of the exam pattern and the types of questions asked for better revision and practice.**Concentrate on Experiments**: Pay attention during lab sessions. Practical experiments are crucial for securing good marks in the practical exam.

**What is the pattern of UP Board class 12 physics exam?**

- The Physics Class 12 practical exam carries 30 marks, and the theory exam carries a total of 70 marks. The theory exam is further divided into two papers: Paper 1 consists of 23 questions in total and has 35 marks. Paper 2 consists of 23 questions in total and has 35 marks.

**Is syllabus reduced for class 12 2024 UP Board?**

- UP Board Class 12 Syllabus 2024-25: The UP Board Class 12 Syllabus 2024 has been reduced by 30% due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The revised-UP Board class 12 syllabus 2024 is available in PDF format on the UPMSP website.

**How many MCQs are in the UP Board exam 2024 class 12?**

- Section A will have 20 MCQs, each worth 1 mark. According to the UP Board 12th Model Paper 2024, the exam is worth 70 marks and lasts three hours and 15 minutes. The extra 15 minutes are allotted for students to read the question paper.

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