Latest Changes in the National Education Policy 2020 for 2023 onwards Academic Sessions

Union Cabinet approved NEP in July 2020, now we will see how it produce the outcomes in education.

How National Education Policy (NEP) will Transform Indian Education System

On December 30th 2022, the New Education Policy (NEP), which aspires to embrace education from pre-school to secondary school, was approved by the Union cabinet in July 2020. NEP-2020, is a comprehensive framework that covers all levels of education from elementary to higher education in the country. It replaced the education policy made in 1986. 

National Education Policy 2020

The National Education Policy 2020 is the first education policy of the 21st century which aims to create a new system which is aligned with the goals of 21st century and SDG4.

Launch of National Education Policy 2020 by Dharmendra Pradhan

Global Education Development Agenda (Goal 4) seeks an inclusive and equitable quality education and promotes lifelong learning opportunities for all by 2030. 

It emphasises the creative development of each individual including vocational and technical education. However, it also ensures that not only cognitive capacities but all these skills will also include:

  • Foundational capacities of literacy and numeracy
  • Higher-order cognitive capacities, such as critical thinking and problem solving
  • Social, ethical, and emotional capacities and dispositions

The teacher should be in the centre of the fundamental reforms in the education system. The new education policy helps in re-establishing teachers at all levels, because they truly shape the future of our next generations. In the given table below, check all the basic details regarding NEP 2020.

Current Policy National Education Policy 2023
Announced By Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India
Launch Date July 29th, 2020
Motto of the Policy Providing high quality education to all and making India a global knowledge

Vision of National Education Policy

The National Education Policy envision a education system which is: 

  • rooted in Indian ethos that contributes directly to transforming India;
  • sustainable into an equitable and vibrant knowledge society and provide high-quality education to all;
  • envisaging curriculum and pedagogy of our institutions must develop among the students a deep sense of respect towards the Fundamental Duties and Constitutional values;
  • bonding with one’s country, and a conscious awareness of one’s roles and responsibilities in a changing world; and
  • instilling a deep-rooted pride in being Indian among the learners, not only in thought, but also in spirit, intellect, and deeds, as well as to develop knowledge, skills, values, and dispositions that support responsible commitment to human rights, sustainable development and living, and global well-being, thereby reflecting a truly global citizen.

Difference Between Existing and New Academic Structure

After 34 years the education policy was launched in 2020. Many changes were brought in pedagogies and curriculum. The major changes were around 23, and some of the them are given below:

  • Education in early childhood care
  • Education for ST, SC, OBC
  • Technical and management Education
  • Sports, physical education and youth
  • Management of education
  • Teacher and training
Existing Academic Structure and NEP 2020 Structure

The focus of the education policy is to prepare students as a quality product not as a factory output. This will be totally based on experiential learning, students can choose different fields to study in a particular field or do some research work. Check all the differences between National Policy of Education (NPE) 1986 and National Education Policy (NEP) 2020.

NEP 1986 NEP 2020
10+2 format 5+3+3+4 format
There are two age groups:
• Age 6 to 16
• Age 16 to 18
There are four age groups:
• Age 3 to 8
• Age 8 to 11
• Age 12 to 14
• Age 14 to 18
All the quality is to be maintained but the burden is also much on students Curriculum is reduced where the focus is on essential subject paths in order to develop qualitative education in students
Did not have any vocational subject as a mandatory part of the curriculum Compulsory one vocational subject from classes 6 to 8 which students have to study as a compulsion. Here the main focus is to build skills in students which are enhanced by vocational subjects.
Started from the class 1st Holistic development therefore the education starts from pre-schooling itself
Reviews from the teachers only Teacher peers and students as well so for this a separate app will be launched which will focus on the same.
Difference between National Policy of Education (NPE) (1986) and National Education Policy (NEP) (2020)

New Changes in National Education Policy (NEP 2023)

In a program jointly organised by Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) and RSS-affiliated Akhil Bharatiya Itihas Sankalan Yojana, the Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan announced that from January 26th, 2023 (also Vasant Panchami), the new “corrected’ syllabus of history will be implemented across all schools.

Students of Swaminarayan Vidyamandir asking questions to Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan

It will be very helpful to increase the use of our mother tongue rather than English. When NEP 2020 was introduced, schools started following it on a smaller level and with time, it has worked out well.

On December 28th, Parliament recommended four sacred texts (Vedas) and Bhagavad Gita to be a part of corrected history under NEP 2020. They also suggested that the contribution of many unsung heroes, especially from the North-East, should also be incorporated equally in NCERT textbooks.

National Education Policy Outcomes

The expected outcomes from NEP are to:

  • Universalisation of access from ECCE to Secondary education. 
  • Ensure equity and inclusion in schools as well as in classrooms
  • Improve quality and achievement of Learning Outcomes through using Foundational Literacy & Numeracy
  • Focused on 21st century skills in teaching, learning and assessment.
  • Common standards for public and private schools.

Structure of National Education Policy

New Transforming Curricular & Pedagogical Structure of School Education (5+3+3+4):3 years in Anganwadi/pre-school and 12 years in school is explained below. The current existing academic structure 10+2 are now revised to 5+3+3+4.

Structure of New Education Policy NEP 2020 in comparison with NPE 1986

According to the New pedagogical and curricular structure of school education (5+3+3+4)

  1. Foundational Stage

The starting 5 years are divided into two parts. This stage is called the Foundational stage. In starting years (age 3 to 6 years), children spend time in Anganwadi/ Pre-school/ Balvatika. At (Age of 6-8) children spend their time in Grade 1 & 2.

  1. Preparatory Stage

The next stage is the Preparatory stage. This stage is for 3 years. Under this stage children are now cover grade 3 to 5 and their age should be 6 to 11.

In this stage, the different pedagogy which a teacher can use in the teaching learning process are play-way method, discovery, activity based and interactive classroom learning.

  1. Middle Stage

Coming on to the next stage is the Middle stage . Which is also for 3 years. In this students are now at grade 6 to 8 and their age group should be 11 to 14. During this stage, educators should follow the following pedagogy in their teaching learning process.

Experiential learning in the Sciences, Mathematics, Social Science and Humanities.

  1. Secondary Stage

The last is the Secondary stage. This stage is for 4 years which cover grade 9 to 12. At this point the students must be 14 to 18 years of age.

The correct pedagogy for this stage is teaching with multidisciplinary studies, critical thinking, flexibility and students choice of subject.


The NEP 2020 is a revolutionary policy, which aims to transform India into a vibrant knowledge society and global knowledge superpower by making both school and college education more holistic, flexible, multi-disciplinary, suited to 21st century needs and aimed at bringing out the unique capabilities of each student.

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