On December 30th 2022, the New Education Policy (NEP), which aspires to embrace education from pre-school to secondary school, was approved by the Union cabinet in July 2020. NEP-2020, is a comprehensive framework that covers all levels of education from elementary to higher education in the country. It replaced the education policy made in 1986.
The National Education Policy 2020 is the first education policy of the 21st century which aims to create a new system which is aligned with the goals of 21st century and SDG4.
Global Education Development Agenda (Goal 4) seeks an inclusive and equitable quality education and promotes lifelong learning opportunities for all by 2030.
It emphasises the creative development of each individual including vocational and technical education. However, it also ensures that not only cognitive capacities but all these skills will also include:
The teacher should be in the centre of the fundamental reforms in the education system. The new education policy helps in re-establishing teachers at all levels, because they truly shape the future of our next generations. In the given table below, check all the basic details regarding NEP 2020.
The National Education Policy envision a education system which is:
After 34 years the education policy was launched in 2020. Many changes were brought in pedagogies and curriculum. The major changes were around 23, and some of the them are given below:
The focus of the education policy is to prepare students as a quality product not as a factory output. This will be totally based on experiential learning, students can choose different fields to study in a particular field or do some research work. Check all the differences between National Policy of Education (NPE) 1986 and National Education Policy (NEP) 2020.
In a program jointly organised by Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) and RSS-affiliated Akhil Bharatiya Itihas Sankalan Yojana, the Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan announced that from January 26th, 2023 (also Vasant Panchami), the new “corrected’ syllabus of history will be implemented across all schools.
It will be very helpful to increase the use of our mother tongue rather than English. When NEP 2020 was introduced, schools started following it on a smaller level and with time, it has worked out well.
On December 28th, Parliament recommended four sacred texts (Vedas) and Bhagavad Gita to be a part of corrected history under NEP 2020. They also suggested that the contribution of many unsung heroes, especially from the North-East, should also be incorporated equally in NCERT textbooks.
The expected outcomes from NEP are to:
New Transforming Curricular & Pedagogical Structure of School Education (5+3+3+4):3 years in Anganwadi/pre-school and 12 years in school is explained below. The current existing academic structure 10+2 are now revised to 5+3+3+4.
According to the New pedagogical and curricular structure of school education (5+3+3+4)
The starting 5 years are divided into two parts. This stage is called the Foundational stage. In starting years (age 3 to 6 years), children spend time in Anganwadi/ Pre-school/ Balvatika. At (Age of 6-8) children spend their time in Grade 1 & 2.
The next stage is the Preparatory stage. This stage is for 3 years. Under this stage children are now cover grade 3 to 5 and their age should be 6 to 11.
In this stage, the different pedagogy which a teacher can use in the teaching learning process are play-way method, discovery, activity based and interactive classroom learning.
Coming on to the next stage is the Middle stage . Which is also for 3 years. In this students are now at grade 6 to 8 and their age group should be 11 to 14. During this stage, educators should follow the following pedagogy in their teaching learning process.
Experiential learning in the Sciences, Mathematics, Social Science and Humanities.
The last is the Secondary stage. This stage is for 4 years which cover grade 9 to 12. At this point the students must be 14 to 18 years of age.
The correct pedagogy for this stage is teaching with multidisciplinary studies, critical thinking, flexibility and students choice of subject.
The NEP 2020 is a revolutionary policy, which aims to transform India into a vibrant knowledge society and global knowledge superpower by making both school and college education more holistic, flexible, multi-disciplinary, suited to 21st century needs and aimed at bringing out the unique capabilities of each student.