Chapter 2

NCERT
Class 10
History
Solutions
1. Why did various classes and groups of Indians participate in the Civil Disobedience Movement?

Question:

Discuss-1

Why did various classes and groups of Indians participate in the Civil Disobedience Movement?

Answer:

Due to their individual, constrained motivations, the various classes and groups of Indians took part in the Civil Disobedience Movement.

  • Businessmen understood the term "swaraj" to refer to a period when trade and industry would flourish free from colonial restraints.
  • Similarly to rich peasant classes, swaraj was a struggle against high land revenue.
  • Women took swaraj as the attainment of elevated status and equality with men in Indian society.
  • Poor peasants looked forward to swaraj as the day they would possess their own land and no longer have to pay rent or beg.
  • Working class dreamed of high wages and excellent working conditions. Hence, swaraj was different for different classes and groups of Indians.

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