Chapter 2

NCERT
Class 10
History
Solutions
2. Read the text carefully. What did Mahatma Gandhi mean when he said satyagraha is active resistance?

Question:

Activity-1

Read the text carefully. What did Mahatma Gandhi mean when he said satyagraha is active resistance?

Answer:

  • Satyagraha refers to the germination of creative thoughts by cessation of destructive thoughts of the enemy's mind with love, compassion and truth. This type of satyagraha is active resistance.
  • The ideology of Satyagraha emphasized the focus on the power of truth and the search for truth. This means that if your cause is true, if your struggle is against injustice, then you do not need any physical force to fight the oppressor. Without resorting to vengeance or aggression, a satyagrahi can succeed in his struggle even with the help of mere non-violence. He can bow down his enemy. For this the consciousness of the oppressive enemy should be shaken. Not only the oppressor enemy, but all the people should be motivated to accept Satyagraha instead of accepting the truth through violence. That is, only the truth wins in the struggle. Gandhiji believed that this religion of non-violence could bind all Indians in the thread of unity.
  • After coming to India, Gandhiji started the Satyagraha movement at many places. In 1917, he visited the Champaran area of Bihar and inspired the peasants for a non-violent struggle against the oppressive plantation system. In 1917, he organized a Satyagraha to help the farmers of Kheda district of Gujarat. The farmers of Kheda district were not in a position to pay the rent due to crop failure and plague epidemic. They wanted the revenue collection to be reduced. In 1918, Gandhi went to Ahmedabad to launch a Satyagraha movement among the workers of cotton textile factories, and there he started the Satyagraha movement.

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