There were many participants in the National Movement who were captured and put to death or otherwise killed by the British.
- Bhagat Singh : Bhagat Singh was a revolutionary from Punjab. He was hanged at the age of 23 in the Lahore Central Jail in 1931 for the murder of a police officer.
- Dinesh Chandra Gupta : Dinesh Chandra Gupta was an Indian revolutionary against British rule in India, who is noted for launching an attack on the Secretariat Building - the Writers' Building in the Dalhousie square in Calcutta, along with Badal Gupta and Benoy Basu. He was hanged on 7 July 1931 at Alipore Jail.
- Khudiram Bose and Prafull Chaki : Khudiram, along with Prafulla Chaki, attempted to assassinate a British judge, Magistrate Douglas Kingsford, by throwing bombs on the carriage. For his role in the Muzaffarpur Conspiracy Case, along with Prafulla Chaki, he was sentenced to death and subsequently executed.
- Ashfaqulla Khan: He was sentenced to death by hanging in the Kakori conspiracy case as a capital punishment on 19 December 1927 at the Faizabad Jail.