Chapter 2

NCERT
Class 10
Political Science
Solutions
5. Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to and one feature that is different from that of Belgium.

Question:

Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar toand one feature that is different from that of Belgium.

Answer:

(1) Similar features: Distribution of powers : In both the countries, power has been divided among the national government, state (provincial) government, and local governments (community govt, in Belgium).

In Belgium,

  • The regional governments have jurisdiction over transportation, public works, water policy, education, public health, and housing, etc.
  • The community government has the power regarding cultural, educational, and language-related issues. In India, for example
  • The legislative powers have been divided between the Union Govt and the State Governments
  • It contains three lists – Union list, State list, and Concurrent list.
  • By the Act of 1992, the third tier e., local govts, have been granted more powers.

(2) Different features: Forms ofgovernment:In Belgium in addition to Central and State government, there is a third kind of government that is community government. This is elected by people belonging to one language community – Dutch, French, and German-speaking – no matter where they live. This government deals with cultural, educational, and language-related issues. In India, there is no such government.

In India, there is a three-tier government. The third government is the local government i.e., Panchayats at the village level and Municipalities at the town level. These bodies have been given powers by constitutional amendment in 1992.

Some of the provisions of the Act are as mentioned below :

  • Mandatory to hold regular elections to local govt bodies.
  • Reservation of seats for SC/ST/OBC.
  • Reservation of 1/3 seats for women.
  • State Election Commission to hold elections.
  • State govt, to share some powers.

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