ICSE Class 10 Physics Syllabus 2024-25 | PDF Download

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Latest: ICSE Class 10 Physics Syllabus 2024-25

We know every year CISCE, the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations revises its Class 10 Board exam syllabus for all the subjects. This year also CISCE has revised its syllabus and there have been only slight modifications to the ICSE Class 10 Physics Syllabus for the year 2024-25. This modification was done in the academic session 2023-24 and the same modified syllabus will continue for the year 2024-25. 

Students who are enrolled for the academic session of 2024-2025  can download the syllabus ICSE Class 10 Physics Syllabus PDF for the session 2024-25.

Applications in fields like signal processing and telecommunications originate in topics like optics and wave physics. Using the ICSE Class 10 Computer Science Syllabus to understand computer science concepts and their practical applications can be improved by having a solid understanding of the physics underlying these technologies.

2024-25 Latest Syllabus 

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1. Force, Work, Power and Energy (i) Turning forces concept; moment of a force; forces in equilibrium; centre of gravity; [discussions using simple examples and simple numerical problems].
(ii)Uniform circular motion.
(iii) Work, energy, power, and their relation with force.
(iv) Different types of energy (e.g., chemical energy, Mechanical energy, heat energy, electrical energy, nuclear energy, sound energy, light energy).
(v) Machines as force multipliers; load, effort, mechanical advantage, velocity ratio, and efficiency; simple treatment of levers, pulley systems showing the utility of each type of
(vi) Principle of Conservation of energy.
2. Light (i) Refraction of light through a glass block and a triangular prism - qualitative treatment of simple applications such as real and apparent depth of objects in water and apparent bending of sticks in water. Applications of refraction of light.
(ii)) Total internal reflection: Critical angle;
examples in triangular glass prisms;
comparison with reflection from a plane
mirror (qualitative only). Applications of total internal reflection.
(iii) Lenses (converging and diverging) including characteristics of the images formed (using ray diagrams only). magnifying glass;
location of images using ray diagrams and
thereby determining magnification.
(iv) Using a triangular prism to produce a visible spectrum from white light; Electromagnetic spectrum. Scattering of light.
3. Sound (i) Reflection of Sound Waves; echoes: their use; simple numerical problems on echoes.
(ii) Natural vibrations, Damped vibrations,
Forced vibrations, and Resonance - a special case of forced vibrations.
(iii) Loudness, pitch, and quality of sound.
4. Electricity and Magnetism (i) Ohm’s Law; concepts of emf, potential
difference, resistance; resistances in series and parallel, internal resistance.
(ii) Electrical power and energy.
(iii) Household circuits – main circuit; switches; fuses; earthing; safety precautions; three-pin plugs; colour coding of wires.
(iv) Magnetic effect of a current (principles only, laws not required); electromagnetic induction(elementary); transformer.
5. Heat (i) Calorimetry: meaning, specific heat capacity; principle of method of mixtures; Numerical Problems on specific heat capacity using heat loss and gain and the method of mixtures.
(ii) Latent heat; loss and gain of heat involving change of state for fusion only.
6. Modern Physics (i) Radioactivity and changes in the nucleus;
background radiation and safety precautions.
(ii) Nuclear fission and fusion; basic introduction
and equations.
Practical Work

ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Physics 2024-25

CISCE has designed the Physics syllabus with the objective that students gain knowledge and understand the key concepts, laws, and principles of physics, alongside developing practical skills such as using equipment, noting observations, and creating diagrams and graphs. This involves understanding terms, facts, concepts, definitions, and processes in physics, while also inculcating the ability to apply this knowledge in practical scenarios.

Physics Paper

Total Marks: 80 

Time: 2 Hours 

The paper will be divided into two sections, Section I (40 marks) and Section II (40 marks). Section I (compulsory) will consist of short answer questions. Section II will consist of six questions out of which candidates will be required to answer any four questions.

Note: Unless otherwise specified, only SI Units are allowed to answer questions.

Physics Class 10 ICSE Syllabus: Internal Assessment

Candidates will conduct experiments according to the given instructions. The experiment could be from topics not mentioned in the syllabus but their theoretical knowledge is also not necessary while performing the experiments. Students should follow instructions, record readings accurately, and present them neatly. Graphs may be required. Understanding concepts like least count, significant figures, and basic error handling is important. 

In the Physics ICSE Syllabus Class 10, a comprehensive list of the experiments as mentioned by CISCE is presented below as-is:  

  • Lever - There are many possibilities with a meter rule as a lever with a load (known or unknown) suspended from a point near one end (say left), the lever itself pivoted on a knife edge, using slotted weights suspended from the other (right) side for Effort. Determine the mass of a meter rule using a spring balance or by balancing it on a knife edge at some point away from the middle and a 50g weight on the other side. Next pivot (F) the meter rule at the 40cm, 50cm, and 60cm mark, each time suspending a load L or the left end and effort E near the right end. Adjust E and or its position so that the rule is balanced. Tabulate the position of L, F, and E the magnitudes of L and E, and the distances of load arm and effort arm. Calculate MA=L/E and VR = effort arm/load arm. It will be found that MA <VR in one case, MA=VR in another, and MA>VR in the third case. Try to explain why this is so. Also, try to calculate the real load and real effort in these cases.
  • Determine the VR and MA of a given pulley system.
  • Trace the course of different rays of light refracting through a rectangular glass slab at different angles of incidence, and measure the angles of incidence, refraction, and emergence. Also, measure the lateral displacement. 
  • Determine the focal length of a convex lens by (a) the distant object method and (b) using a needle and a plane mirror.
  • Determine the focal length of a convex lens by using two pins and the formula f = uv/(u+v).
  • For a triangular prism, trace the course of rays passing through it, and measure angles i1, i2, A, and δ. Repeat for four different angles of incidence (say i1=400, 500, 600, and 700. Verify i1+ i2=A+δ and A = r1 + r2.
  • For a ray of light incident normally (i1=0) on one face of a prism, trace the course of the ray. Measure the angle δ. Explain briefly. Do this for prisms with A=600, 450, and 900.
  • Calculate the specific heat capacity of the material of the given calorimeter, from the temperature readings and masses of cold water, warm water, and its mixture taken in the calorimeter.
  • Determination of specific heat capacity of a metal by method of mixtures.
  • Determination of specific latent heat of ice.
  • Using a simple electric circuit, verify Ohm’s law. Draw a graph, and obtain the slope.
  • Set up a model of household wiring including the ring main circuit. Study the function of switches and fuses.

With the syllabus in your hand, and time running, invest all your energy in getting the Physics Class 10 ICSE Syllabus work done on time. 

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