ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus 2024-25 | PDF Download

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Latest: ICSE 2024-25 Syllabus Chemistry Class 10

CISCE, the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations revised its Chemistry Class 10 ICSE Syllabus 2025 along with all other subjects for the year 2024-2025. For this academic session, there have been slight modifications to the ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus. Some topics have been added and some have been slightly modified. This modification was done in the academic session 2023-24 and the same modified syllabus will continue for the year 2024-25. 

Students who are enrolled for the academic session of 2024-2025  can download the syllabus ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus PDF for the session 2024-25.

Studying biological processes at the molecular level is made possible by chemistry. Students can explore the chemical processes inherent in biological systems using the ICSE Class 10 Biology Syllabus, promoting a more profound understanding of the biological sciences.

2024-25 Latest Syllabus 

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1. Periodic Properties and Variations of Properties - Physical and Chemical. (i) Periodic properties and their variations in
groups and periods.
(ii) Periodicity on the basis of atomic number for elements.
2. Chemical Bonding (i) Electrovalent bonding.
(ii) Covalent Bonding.
(iii) Coordinate Bonding.
3. Study of Acids, Bases and Salts (i) Simple definitions, classification, and their
characteristic properties.
(ii) Ions present in mineral acids, alkalis, and salts and their solutions; use of litmus and pH paper to test for acidity and alkalinity.
(iii) Definition of salt; types of salts.
(iv) Action of dilute acids on salts.
(v) Methods of preparation of Normal salts with relevant equations. (Details of apparatus or procedures not required).
4. Analytical Chemistry (i) Action of Ammonium Hydroxide and
Sodium Hydroxide on solution of salts:
colour of salt and its solution; formation
and colour of hydroxide precipitated for
solutions of salts of Ca, Fe, Cu, Zn and Pb;
special action of ammonium hydroxide on
solutions of copper salt and sodium
hydroxide on ammonium salts.
(ii) Action of alkalis (NaOH, KOH) on certain
metals, their oxides, and hydroxides.

5. Mole Concept and Stoichiometry (i) Gay Lussac’s Law of Combining Volumes;
Avogadro’s Law
(ii) Refer to the atomicity of hydrogen, oxygen,
nitrogen, and chlorine (proof not required).
(iii) Vapour Density and its relation to relative
molecular mass
(iv) Mole and its relation to mass.
(v) Simple calculations based on chemical
6. Electrolysis (i) Electrolytes and non-electrolytes.
(ii) Substances containing molecules only, ions only, both molecules and ions.
(iii) Definition and explanation of electrolysis, electrolyte, electrode, anode, cathode, anion, cation, oxidation, and reduction (on the basis of loss and gain of electrons).
(iv) An elementary study of the migration of ions, with reference to the factors influencing the selective discharge of ions (reference should be made to the activity series as indicating the tendency of metals, e.g. Na, Mg, Fe, Cu, to form ions) illustrated by the electrolysis
(v) Applications of electrolysis
7. Metallurgy (i) Occurrence of metals in nature.
(ii) Stages involved in the extraction of metals
(iii) Extraction of Aluminium.
(iv) Alloys – composition and uses.
8. Study of Compounds (i) Hydrogen Chloride
(ii) Ammonia
(iii) Nitric Acid
(iv) Sulphuric Acid
9. Organic Chemistry (i) Introduction to Organic compounds.
(ii) Structure and Isomerism.
(iii)Homologous series – characteristics with
(iv) Simple nomenclature.
(v) Hydrocarbons: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes.
(vi) Alcohols: ethanol – preparation, properties, and uses.
(vii) Carboxylic acids (aliphatic - monocarboxylic acid): Acetic acid – properties and uses of acetic acid.

Chemistry Class 10 ICSE Syllabus 2025

CISCE has designed the Chemistry syllabus with the objective that students acquire the knowledge of concepts, terms, processes, techniques, and principles related to the subject. Additionally, it wants to inculcate in students the ability to apply the knowledge of principles and topics of chemistry in unfamiliar situations. Through this syllabus, CISCE aims to instill in students the skills necessary for safe handling of apparatus and chemicals, nurture a scientific mindset and problem-solving abilities, and deepen their awareness of the profound influence of chemical science on the environment, encompassing natural cycles, resources, and pollution.

Chemistry Paper

Total Marks: 100

Theory: 80

Time: 2 Hours 

Internal Assessment: 20 Marks

The theory paper will be divided into two sections, Section I (40 marks) and Section II (40 marks). Section I (compulsory) will contain short answer questions. Section II will consist of six questions out of which candidates will be required to answer any four questions. Internal will consist of the remaining 20 marks. 

Chemistry Class 10 ICSE Syllabus: Internal Assessment

Candidates will be required to observe how reagents and/or heat affect supplied substances. These exercises will be straightforward and may involve recognizing and identifying specific gases and ions listed below. Examiners, however, are not limited in their selection of substances containing these listed ions.

Gases: Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Chlorine, Hydrogen chloride, Sulphur dioxide, Hydrogen sulfide, Ammonia, Water vapor, Nitrogen dioxide.

Ions: Calcium, Copper, Iron, Lead, Zinc and Ammonium, Carbonate, Chloride, Nitrate, Sulphide,

Sulphite and Sulphate. Knowledge of a formal scheme of analysis is not required. Semi-micro techniques are acceptable but candidates using such techniques may need to adapt the instructions given to suit the size of the apparatus being used.

Candidates are expected to have completed the following minimum practical work:

1. Action of heat on the following substances:

(a) Copper carbonate, zinc carbonate

(b) zinc nitrate, copper nitrate, lead nitrate

Make observations, identify the products, and make deductions where possible (equations not required). 

2. Make a solution of the unknown substance: Add sodium hydroxide solution or ammonium hydroxide solution, make observations, and give your deduction. Warming the mixture may be needed. Choose from substances containing Ca2+ , Cu2+, Fe2+, Fe3+, Pb2+, Zn2+, NH4+

3. Supply a solution of dilute acid and alkali. Determine which is acidic and which is basic, giving two tests for each.

4. Add concentrated hydrochloric acid to each of the given substances, warm, make observations, identify any product, and make deductions: (a) copper oxide and (b) manganese dioxide.

Chemistry is not only an interesting subject but it is scoring as well. Go through the syllabus and prepare a study plan. Start studying. Once you finish the syllabus solve the previous year's questions paper to check your progress. 

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