Chapter 4

NCERT
Class 10
History
Solutions
4. Why did industrial production in India increase during the First World War?

Question:

Why did industrial production in India increase during the First World War?

Answer:

  • Manchester imports into India declined as British mills were busy with war production to meet the needs of the army. Suddenly, Indian mills had a vast home market to supply.
  • Due to prolongation of the war Indian factories were called upon to supply war needs like jute bags, cloth for army uniforms, tents and leather boots, horse and mule saddles, etc.
  • New factories were set up and old ones ran in shifts to increase their production.
  • Many new workers were employed and everyone was made to work longer hours.

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