Chapter 1

NCERT
Class 10
Political Science
Solutions
2. State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.

Question:

State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing withan example from the Indian context.

Answer:

  • Prudential reason : Power-sharing reduces the concentration of power in the hands of few and provides decision making power to others which helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups, Social conflictoften leads to violence and political instability, power-sharing is a good way to ensure the stability of political order, Imposing the will of the majority community over others undermine the unity of the nation as has happened inSri Lanka, The tyranny of the majority is not just oppressive for the minority, it can be troublesome to majority as well.

For example, in India seats in the assemblies and parliament have been reserved. This arrangement is meant to give space in the government and administration to diverse social groups. In addition to this minorities have been granted special fundamental rights.

  • Moral reason : The moral reason for power-sharing in democracy is to uplift its true spirit. The word democracy itself signifies that ‘Demos’ means people. Since all the people are affected by the policies of the government, they should be consulted in the governance of the country, they should be allowed to participate in the decision-making process, it is the basis of democracy.

A true democratic government is one where citizens participate and acquire a stake in the system. Thus, moral reasons emphasize the very act of powersharing as valuable. In India, people elect their representatives every five years or earlier. People have also been granted the right to information, another move towards democratic society.

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