Chapter 4

NCERT
Class 9
Political Science
Solutions
1. Follow the news about any major court case in a High Court or the Supreme Court. What was the original verdict? Did the High Court or the Supreme Court change it? What was the reason?

Question:

Follow the news about any major court case in a High Court or the Supreme Court. What was the original verdict? Did the High Court or the Supreme Court change it? What was the reason?

Answer:

The Ayodhya dispute or Ram Janmabhoomi – Babri Masjid Title Dispute is a political, historical and socio religious debate that centered on a plot of land in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. The dispute revolves around the control of a site that is traditionally regarded by the Hindus as the birthplace of the Hindu deity Rama, the history and location of the Babari Masjid at the site and the question of whether or not there was previously a Hindu temple that may have been demolished or modified to create the mosque. The Babri Masjid was destroyed during a political rally that was turned into a riot on December 6 of 1992. Following this incident, a land title case was lodged in the Allahabad High Court. In the judgment on 30th September, 2010, the 3 judges of the Allahabad HC ruled that the 2.77 acres of Ayodhya land be divided into 3 parts, with one-third going to the Ram Lalla or Infant Rama as represented by the Hindu Maha Sabha, one-third going to Sunni Waqf Board and the remaining onethird to Nirmohi Akhara. 30th September, 2010: The Allahabad HC pronounced its verdict on 4 title suits relating to the Ayodhya dispute on 30th December 2010: SC challenged the Allahabad HC’s verdict. May 2011: The SC stayed the Allahabad HC order of splitting the disputed site into three parts and said that the status quo will remain. On November 9, 2019, a Supreme Court Bench led by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi unanimously ruled that the disputed land be given to the Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas for the construction of a temple, and the Muslim side be compensated with five acres of land at a prominent site in Ayodhya to build a mosque.

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