Chapter 4

NCERT
Class 10
English
Solutions
3. You have read the expression ‘not to lose heart’ in this text. Now find out the meanings of the following expressions using the word ‘heart’. Use each of them in a sentence of your own.

Question:

IV. Do you know how to use a dictionary to find out the meanings of idiomatic expressions? Take, for example, the expression caught my eye in the story. Where — under which word — would you look for it in the dictionary?

Look for it under the first word. But if the first word is a ‘grammatical’ word like a, the, for, etc., then take the next word. That is, look for the first ‘meaningful’ word in the expression. In our example, it is the word caught.

But you won’t find caught in the dictionary, because it is the past tense of catch. You’ll find caught listed under catch. So you must look under catch for the expression caught my eye. Which other expressions with catch are listed in your dictionary?

Note that a dictionary entry usually first gives the meanings of the word itself, and then gives a list of idiomatic expressions using that word. For example, study this partial entry for the noun ‘eye’ from the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 2005.

You have read the expression ‘not to lose heart’ in this text. Now find out the meanings of the following expressions using the word ‘heart’. Use each of them in a sentence of your own.

1.break somebody’s heart

2.close/dear to heart

3.from the (bottom of your) heart

4.have a heart

5.have a heart of stone

6.your heart goes out to somebody

Answer:

1.Break somebody’s heart – It is not a good habit to break somebody’s heart.

2.Close to heart – I am very close to my father’s heart.

3.From the (bottom of your) heart – I thank you from the bottom of my heart for being my mentor.

4.Have a heart – I request you to have a heart and look again at my application.

5.Have a heart of stone – It is said that people like Hitler have a heart of stone.

6.Your heart goes out to somebody – As I looked at shabbily dressed up children, my heart went out to them.

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