Chapter 4

NCERT
Class 10
Geography
Solutions
1. Why are farmers committing suicides in several states of the country?

Question:

Why are farmers committing suicides in several states of the country?

Answer:

  • The surge in input costs : A major cause of the farmers’ suicides in India has been the increasing burden on the farmers due to inflated prices of agricultural inputs. The culmination of these factors is seen in the overall increase in the cost of cultivation.
  • Cost of chemicals and seeds : Be it the fertilizers, crop protection chemicals or even the seeds for cultivation, farming has become expensive for the already indebted farmers.
  • Costs of Agricultural equipment : Using agricultural equipment and machinery like tractors, submersible pumps etc adds to the already surging costs. Besides, these secondary inputs have themselves become less affordable for the small and marginal farmers.
  • Labour costs : Likewise, hiring labourers and animals is getting costlier too.
  • Distressed due to loans.
  • Lack of direct integration with the market.

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