Chapter 1

NCERT
Class 10
History
Solutions
3. Who were Marianne and Germania? What was the importance of the way in which they were portrayed?

Question:

Write in Brief

Who were Marianne and Germania? What was the importance of the way in which they were portrayed?

Answer:

Female allegories were invented by artists in the nineteenth century to represent the nation. In France, she was christened Marianne, a popular Christian name, which underlined the idea of a people’s nation. Her characteristics were drawn from those of Liberty and the Republic – the red cap, the tricolour, the cockade. Statues of Marianne were erected in public squares to remind the public of the national symbol of unity and to persuade them to identify with it. Marianne images were marked on coins and stamps. Similarly,Germaniabecamethe allegory of the German nation.Invisual representations,Germania wears a crown of oak leaves, as the German oak stands for heroism.

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