Summarize the attributes of a nation, as Renan understands them. Why, in his view, are nations important?
Ernst Renan was a French philosopher who delivered a speech at the University of Sorbonne in 1882. In his speech he outlined the idea of what makes a nation.
According to Renan, nations are formed by a common language, race, religion or territory. It is the culmination of a long past of endeavor, sacrifices and devotion. A nation does not take any interest in annexing or holding onto another Nation against its will.
Nations are important because their existence guarantees Liberty. The liberty of individuals would be lost if there were no nations.
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