Chapter 2

NCERT
Class 9
History
Solutions
1. Imagine that a meeting has been called in your area to discuss the socialist idea of doing away with private property and introducing collective ownership.

Question:

Imagine that a meeting has been called in your area to discuss the socialist idea of doing away with private property and introducing collective ownership. Write the speech you would make at the meeting if you are:

  • a poor labourer working in the fields
  • a medium-level landowner
  • a house owner

Answer:

A poor labourer working in the fields: My dear friends, when nature has not done any partiality in giving resources to anyone then how can some people have more lands than others? All the hard work such as planting seeds, watering the crops, protecting and harvesting them are done by workers like me. The owners get all the profit of their hard work. So, we labourers should get the share of profit from the selling of crops instead of getting a small wage. For this, the ownership of private properties should be abolished and collective ownership of the fields should be introduced to all who are working on it. Thank you.

A medium-level landowner: Respected friends, you all are well aware that in agriculture only lands are not important but also many resources such as labour, seeds, fertilisers, etc are important. I do not agree with the abolition of private property. It will reduce crop production and it is not rational to do so. Landless workers can increase the crop production after having the land but how will they manage to buy the seeds, fertilisers etc. So, along with collective ownership, this problem should also be solved.

A House Owner: Respected friends, I believe everybody has the right to live with the basic necessities of food, clothing and shelter but not at the expense of others property. Those landless people should be given a chance to earn their living. We have earned our properties through the sincere efforts of our forefathers and these lands should not be taken away from us. Thank you.

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