Chapter 2

NCERT
Class 9
History
Solutions
1. Compare the passages written by Shaukat Usmani and Rabindranath Tagore. Read them in relation to Sources C, D and E. (a) What did Indians find impressive about the USSR ?

Question:

Compare the passages written by Shaukat Usmani and Rabindranath Tagore. Read them in relation to Sources C, D and E.

(a) What did Indians find impressive about the USSR ?

(b) What did the writers fail to notice?

Answer:

(a) After reading the passages we got to know that Shaukat Usmani was very much impressed by the fact that Asians were very happy with the freedom of Europeans. He felt as if he was looking at real equality. At the end of the Russian Revolution, India was ruled by the British and there was a vast caste and class difference in the society. People were ignorant and backward. But still they were impressed by the fact that all the people were treated equally in Russia. Despite poverty, people were seen as more satisfied and happier. Rabindranath Tagore was happy with the fact that Poor people were not being oppressed by wealthy people. Those people who were off stage for many years were seen upfront now.

(b) The two writers failed to notice that Bolsheviks ruled in Russia like dictators. In the name of socialism they followed repressive policies. Their ways were neither constant nor just. The hard working lives and poverty of people went unnoticed by these two writers.

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