Chapter 3

NCERT
Class 10
Political Science
Solutions
1. Discuss three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions.

Question:

Discuss three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of socialdivisions.

Answer:

Following are the three factors crucial in deciding the outcome of politics of social division:

(i) People’s perception of their identities: If people perceive their identities as a part of the nation, then people belonging to the different casts, religions and traditions can live peacefully in a country. If people see their identities in singular terms and demand a special recognition, it becomes very difficult to accommodate.

(ii) Political parties approach to community: It is easier to accommodate demands that are within the constitutional framework and are not at the cost of another community. Like it happened in Srilanka, it led to deficit of trust among communities and led to civil unrest.

(iii) Government's role to the demands of different groups: If government give equal chances, then social divisions are minimised if the government gives equal representation to all the major and minor groups in the society and powers are shared among all of them.

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