Chapter 1

NCERT
Class 9
History
Solutions
3. Describe the legacy of the French Revolution for the peoples of the world during the nineteenth and the twentieth century.

Question:

Describe the legacy of the French Revolution for the peoples of the world during the nineteenth and the twentieth century.

Answer:

The French Revolution not only affected France and changed the whole political, social and economic system. It also had affected the people of the whole Europe in the 19th and 20th century. It inspired the rest of Europe and other neighbouring countries to overthrow their oppressive power. The main ideals of the French Revolution i.e. Liberty, Equality and Fraternity motivated the political and social movements in the world. Colonised nations worked on these ideals to get freedom from bondage. The French Revolution made this idea clear that sovereignty comes from the people from below but not from above.

The French Revolution also gave another important legacy i.e. the idea of nationalism. Due to nationalism people began to question absolute power. The Impact of the French Revolution could also be seen in India too where Tipu Sultan and Raja Ram Mohan Roy were inspired by the ideas of revolution.

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