CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus for 2021-22

On July 22, 2021, CBSE finalised the reduction in syllabus for the 2021-22 session as per the latest Term-based Examination Pattern.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus has undergone drastic changes since the previous 2020-21 session. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the education system has been challenging for both teachers and students.

So, similar to the 30% reduction in the last session, CBSE decided to reduce the overall syllabus according to the Term-based Board Examination for the 2021-22 session again.

We, at Educart, were prompt about it and have updated the changes in all the subjects for you. Here, you can find:

  • freely-downloadable PDF links to the latest reduced Class 10 Social Science Syllabus for 2021-22 academic session; and
  • simple analysis of all the deleted topics/ chapters for 2021-22 Term-based Board Exam.

With all this information in hand, both teachers and students will have a defined structure to begin the learning process on time and efficiently.

Class 10 Social Science Reduced Syllabus for 2021-22 (Reduced)

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We have also provided the syllabus for the 2021-22 session that was previously restored so that you can compare the deleted and added topics.

Class 10 Social Science Syllabus for 2021-22 (Restored Previously)

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Now, let us take a look at the syllabus for Term I and Term II Board Exams in detail and try to understand what changes have been made.

<red> Marked in red: <red> Topics <red> removed <red> for 2021-22

Units Unit Name Marks
Term I Term II
I India and the Contemporary World – II (History) 10 10
II Contemporary India – II (Geography) 10 10
III Democratic Politics - II (Political Science) 10 10
IV Understanding Economic Development (Economics) 10 10
(Periodic Tests (05) + Multiple Assessments (05) +
Portfolio (05) + Student Enrichment Activities: Project Work (05))
10 10


Unit I: India and the Contemporary World – II (History)

1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

  • The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation
  • The Making of Nationalism in Europe
  • The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848
  • The Making of Germany and Italy
  • Visualizing the Nation
  • Nationalism and Imperialism

Unit 2: Contemporary India – II (Geography)

1. Resources and Development

  • Types of Resources
  • Development of Resources
  • Resource Planning in India
  • Land Resources
  • Land Utilization
  • Land Use Pattern in India
  • Land Degradation and Conservation Measures
  • Soil as a Resource
  • Classification of Soils
  • Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation

Map Items

  • Major soil Types

4. Agriculture

  • Types of farming
  • Cropping Pattern
  • Major Crops
  • Technological and Institutional Reforms
  • Impact of Globalization on Agriculture

Map Items

  • Major areas of Rice and Wheat
  • Largest / Major producer states of Sugarcane, Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Cotton and Jute

Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II (Political Science)

1. Power Sharing

  • Case Studies of Belgium and Sri Lanka
  • Why is power sharing desirable?
  • Forms of Power Sharing

2. Federalism

  • What is Federalism?
  • What makes India a Federal Country?
  • How is Federalism practiced?
  • Decentralization in India

Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development (Economics)

1. Development

  • What Development Promises - Different people different goals
  • Income and other goals
  • National Development
  • How to compare different countries or states?
  • Income and other criteria
  • Public Facilities
  • Sustainability of development

2. Sectors of the Indian Economy

  • Sectors of Economic Activities
  • Comparing the three sectors
  • Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sectors in India
  • Division of sectors as organized and unorganized
  • Sectors in terms of ownership: Public and Private Sectors


Unit I: India and the Contemporary World – II (History)

2. Nationalism in India

  • The First World War, Khilafat and Non - Cooperation
  • Differing Strands within the Movement
  • Towards Civil Disobedience
  • The Sense of Collective Belonging

Map Items

1. Indian National Congress Sessions:

  • Calcutta (Sep. 1920)
  • Nagpur (Dec. 1920)
  • Madras (1927)

2. Important Centres of Indian National Movement

  • Champaran (Bihar) - Movement of Indigo Planters
  • Kheda (Gujrat) - Peasant Satyagraha
  • Ahmedabad (Gujarat) - Cotton Mill Workers Satyagraha
  • Amritsar (Punjab) - Jallianwala Bagh Incident
  • Chauri Chaura (U.P.) - Calling off the Non-Cooperation Movement
  • Dandi (Gujarat) - Civil Disobedience Movement

3. The Making of a Global World

  • The Pre-modern world
  • The Nineteenth Century (1815-1914)
  • The Inter war Economy
  • Rebuilding a World Economy: The
  • Post-War Era

<green> (This chapter was removed for the previous session i.e. in the Rationalised 2020-21 Syllabus but now it is added.) <green>

4. The Age of Industrialization

  • Before the Industrial Revolution
  • Hand Labour and Steam Power
  • Industrialization in the colonies
  • Factories Come Up
  • The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth
  • Market for Goods

<green> (This chapter was removed for the previous session i.e. in the Rationalised 2020-21 Syllabus but now it is added.) <green>

Unit 2: Contemporary India – II (Geography)

6. Manufacturing Industries

  • Importance of manufacturing
  • Contribution of Industry to National Economy
  • Industrial Location
  • Classification of Industries
  • Spatial distribution
  • Industrial pollution and environmental degradation
  • Control of Environmental Degradation

Map Items

  • Cotton Textile Industries: Mumbai, Indore, Surat, Kanpur, Coimbatore
  • Iron and Steel Plants: Durgapur, Bokaro, Jamshedpur, Bhilai, Vijaynagar, Salem
  • Software Technology Parks: Noida, Gandhinagar, Mumbai, Pune, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram

7. Lifelines of National Economy

  • Transport – Roadways, Railways, Pipelines, Waterways, Airways
  • Communication
  • International Trade
  • Tourism as a Trade

Map Items

  • Major Ports: Kandla, Mumbai, Marmagao, New Mangalore, Kochi, Tuticorin, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Paradip, Haldia
  • International Airports: Amritsar (Raja Sansi), Delhi (Indira Gandhi International), Mumbai (Chhatrapati Shivaji), Chennai (Meenambakkam), Kolkata (Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose), Hyderabad (Rajiv Gandhi

Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II (Political Science)

6. Political Parties

  • Why do we need Political Parties?
  • How many Parties should we have?
  • National Political Parties
  • State Parties
  • Challenges to Political Parties
  • How can Parties be reformed?

7. Outcomes of Democracy

  • How do we assess democracy’s outcomes?
  • Accountable, responsive and legitimate government
  • Economic growth and development
  • Reduction of inequality and poverty
  • Accommodation of social diversity
  • Dignity and freedom of the citizens

Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development (Economics)

3. Money and Credit

  • Money as a medium of exchange
  • Modern forms of money
  • Loan activities of Banks
  • Two different credit situations
  • Terms of credit
  • Formal sector credit in India
  • Self Help Groups for the Poor

4. Globalization and the Indian Economy

  • Production across countries
  • Interlinking production across countries
  • Foreign Trade and integration of markets
  • What is globalization?
  • Factors that have enabled Globalisation
  • World Trade Organisation
  • Impact of Globalization on India
  • The Struggle for a fair Globalisation

CBSE has also provided an insight into how the syllabus will be used to set the Class 10 Social Science Board Paper on the basis Competency-based Assessment Framework. Below is a table that shows how different types of questions will appear according to different competencies.

Here are the chapters that will only be considered for Periodic tests only and the ones that are completely deleted.

Subject Chapter Status
History Print Culture and the Modern World Deleted for 2021-22
Geography Forest and Wildlife Deleted for 2021-22
Water Resources Periodic Tests and Maps Only
Minerals and Energy Resources Periodic Tests and Maps Only
Democracy and Diversity Removed from Periodic Tests
Gender, Religion and Caste Deleted for 2021-22
Popular Struggles and Movements Removed from Periodic Tests
Challenges to Democracy Removed from Periodic Tests
Economics Consumer Rights Removed from Project Work

NOTE: The theoretical aspect of chapter “Chapter 3 Water Resources” and “Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources” is to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination except for the map items as listed below.

Maps Items for Chapter 3 Water Resources

  • Dams: Salal, Bhakra Nangal, Tehri, Rana Pratap Sagar, Sardar Sarovar, Hirakud, Nagarjuna Sagar, Tungabhadra.

Map Items for Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources

1. Minerals (Identification only)

  • Iron Ore mines: Mayurbhanj, Durg, Bailadila, Bellary, Kudremukh
  • Coal Mines: Raniganj, Bokaro, Talcher, Neyveli
  • Oil Fields: Digboi, Naharkatia, Mumbai High, Bassein, Kalol, Ankaleshwar

2. Power Plants (Locating and Labelling only)

  • Thermal: Namrup, Singrauli, Ramagundam

Nuclear: Narora, Kakrapara, Tarapur, Kalpakkam

Our other latest CLASS 10 EDUCART QUESTION BANKS FOR 2022 EXAMS are a complete solution for exam preparation with new pattern chapter-wise questions, Toppers corner, Competency-based Q’s, Self Assessment Questions and Papers, and Topper Answers.

Any other information regarding CBSE curriculum, paper pattern, study material, and notifications is available below in the supporting links.