Chapter 1

NCERT
Class 9
Economics
Solutions
1. Study the graph and answer the following questions: (i)Has the literacy rates of the population increased since 1951?

Question:

Study the graph and answer the following questions:

(i) Has the literacy rates of the population increased since 1951?

(ii) In which year India has the highest literacy rates?

(iii) Why is literacy rate high among the males of India?

(iv) Why are women less educated than men?

(v) How would you calculate literacy rate in India?

(vi) What is your projection about India’s literacy rate in 2025?

Answer:

(i) Yes the literacy rates of the population have increased since 1951 as shown below.

(ii) India had the highest literacy rates in 2001.

(iii) India traditionally has a patriarchal male dominated society where more importance is given to males. Culturally due to division of labour the males go out of their homes and get better access to education. Poor families due to monetary constraints prefer to send only their sons to school and not their daughters.

(iv) Women are less educated than men because more preference is given to the boys or sons in the family for education as they are considered as the future of the family. Traditionally, the girls were expected to stay at home and look after domestic chores. So, education among girls was not encouraged. Because of the above reasons, women are less educated than men.

(v) The literacy rate can be calculated on the basis of the formula i.e., the number of literate people divided by the population multiplied by 100.

(vi) The projection about India's literacy rate in year 2010 would be between 75% to 85%

Buy Latest Books

Teacher's Corner