Chapter 5

NCERT
Class 10
History
Solutions
1. Look at Figs. 22, 23 and 24 carefully. What comment are the artists making on the social changes taking place in society? What changes in society were taking place to provoke this reaction? Do you agree with the artist’s view?

Question:

Activity-5

  • Look at Figs. 22, 23 and 24 carefully.
  • What comment are the artists making on the social changes taking place in society?
  • What changes in society were taking place to provoke this reaction?
  • Do you agree with the artist’s view?
Fig. 22 : Ghor Kali (The End of the World),coloured woodcut, late nineteenth century.

The artist's vision of the destruction of proper family relations. Here the husband is totally dominated by his wife who is perched on his shoulder. He is cruel towards his mother, dragging her like an animat, by the noose.

Fig. 23 : A European couple sitting on chairs,nineteenth-century woodcut.

The picture suggests traditional family roles. The Sahib holds a liquor hottie in his hand white the Memsahib plays the violin.

Fig. 24 : An Indian couple, black and white woodcut.

The image shows the artist's fear that the cultural impact of the West has turned the family upside down. Notice that the man is playing the veena while the woman is smoking a hookah. The move towards women's education in the late nineteenth century created anxiety about the breakdown of traditional family roles.

Answer:

1.

  • In fig 22 a man is dominated by his wife, and he is dominating his mother. Artist comments that the tradition of mother- in – law dominating the daughter – in – law through her son has reversed, due to the new social changes taking place.
  • In figure 23, the role between men and women is reversed. As women enjoy Hookah and a man plays Veena in order to entertain his wife.
  • In figure 24, the artist sends a message that social changes do not affect English families.

2.The changes such as empowerment and upliftment of women through western education were occurring in the society. These changes provoked artists to depict such images of families in India.

3.According to me, the artist's view in the illustrations 22, 23, 24 are more extreme than the actual situation. They are partially out of focus or over assumed. The artist could have been moderate in their comments on the social changes taking place in Indian society.

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