Chapter 3

NCERT
Class 9
Economics
Solutions
(i) Why is agriculture a seasonal activity? (ii)Why is Ramu unemployed for about four months in a year?

Question:

(i) Why is agriculture a seasonal activity?

(ii) Why is Ramu unemployed for about four months in a year?

(iii) What does Ramu do when he is unemployed?

(iv) Who are supplementing income in Ramu’s family?

(v) Why does Ramu face difficulty when he is unable to have work?

(vi) When is Ramu food insecure?

Answer:

(i) Agriculture has a sowing season and a harvesting season which is a very busy period for farmers. Most of the work is done during these periods. When the plants are growing and maturing no significant amount of work is there.

(ii) Agriculture has a sowing and harvesting season which is a very busy period for farmers and requires extra labour. So casual labourers like Ramu get employment during these period for about eight months in a year.

(iii) Ramu is a casual agricultural labourer and is only seasonally employed during sowing and harvesting. During that period, he gets employment in brick laying, or in construction activities in the village.

(iv) Ramu’s wife Sunhari and his son Somu are supplementing the income in Ramu’s family. Somu works for the Sarpanch by looking after the cattle and is paid ₹ 1,000 for his work Sunhari also works as house cleaner and a casual labourer during the busy season.

(v) Ramu is seasonally unemployed and does odd jobs to survive But Tome times he is unable to get any work at all and during that period he faces difficulty in getting 2 square meals for his family.

(vi) Ramu who is a casual labourer in agriculture becomes seasonally unemployed and does odd jobs during that period But Sometimes, he is unable to get any work at all and is totally unemployed and faces poverty and is unable to buy food for his children. During this period he is food insecure during the four months when he is unemployed.

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