Chapter 4

NCERT
Class 9
History
Solutions
2. What are the similarities between colonial management of the forests in Bastar and in Java?

Question:

What are the similarities between colonial management of the forests in Bastar and in Java?

Answer:

In Bastar, the British had the power of forest management while in Java Dutch had the power of forest management. Some of the similarities between these two are as follows:

  • The British and Dutch both wanted to cut trees and get timber for building ships and sleepers for railway tracks.
  • Both the government enacted forest laws to control forests and put prohibitions on customary rights of the villagers.
  • Both the government introduced scientific forestry and banned shifting cultivation.
  • In Bastar and Java, permits were issued to the villagers to enter into forests and collect forest products.
  • In Bastar some villagers were allowed to stay in forests on the condition that they would provide free labour to the forest department for cutting and transporting trees and protecting forests. Similarly, in Java, Dutch exempted some villagers from rents on the cultivated lands in the forests on the condition that they would provide free labour and buffaloes for cutting and transporting timber. This system was known as the Blandongdiensten System.

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