Chapter 5

NCERT
Class 9
History
Solutions
4. There are many similarities in the way in which the modern world forced changes in the lives of pastoral communities in India and East Africa. Write about any two examples of changes which were similar for Indian pastoralists and the Maasai herders.

Question:

There are many similarities in the way in which the modern world forced changes in the lives of pastoral communities in India and East Africa. Write about any two examples of changes which were similar for Indian pastoralists and the Maasai herders.

Answer:

Some of the similarities between Indian pastoralists and Maasai herders are:

  • Both in India and Africa European colonial governments were in power with similar intentions and objectives of dominance.
  • In both countries, pastoralists lost their pasture lands because the colonial powers took control of forests and pasture lands to turn them into cultivated lands.
  • In both countries, forest laws were enacted and the pastoralists were not allowed to enter the forests and use them for grazing their herds or taking out forest produce.
  • The mobility of the pastoralists was restricted in both countries. Many of them were forced to leave their traditional jobs.
  • Grazing tax was imposed by the colonial government both in India and Africa which created a lot of hardships for the pastoralists.

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