Chapter 9

NCERT
Class 9
English
Solutions
A word can mean different things in different contexts. Look at these three sentences :

Question:

A word can mean different things in different contexts. Look at these three sentences :

  • The students are taught to respect different cultures.
  • The school is organising a cultural show.
  • His voice is cultured.

In the first sentence, ‘culture’ (noun) means way of life; in the second, ‘cultural’ (adjective) means connected with art, literature and music; and in the third, ‘cultured’ (verb) means sophisticated, well mannered. Usually a dictionary helps you identify the right meaning by giving you signposts. Look at the dictionary entry on ‘culture’ from Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 2005.

(Noun, verb, adjective, adverb, synonyms, etc. are signposts which help you locate the right meaning and usage, and give information about the part of speech that the word is.) Look up the dictionary entries for the words sympathy, familiarity, comfort, care, and surprise. Use the information given in the dictionary and complete the table.

Noun Adjective Adverb Verb Meaning
sympathy
familiarity
comfort
care
surprise

Answer:

Noun Adjective Adverb Verb Meaning
sympathy sympathetic s y m p a t h e -
tically
sympathize Feeling pity for others
familiarity familiar familiarly familiarize to know/ to have knowledge about things
comfort comfortable comforta-bly comfort state being free from suffering
care caring carefully care concerned
surprise surprising surprisin-gly surprise amaze

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